The UN propelled Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) recognizes that the earth’s biological resources are vital to humanity’s economic and social development. As a result, there is a growing recognition that biological diversity is a global asset of tremendous value to present and future generations. The Convention was formally established on 29 December 1993. It has 3 main objectives: 1. The conservation of biological diversity. 2. The sustainable use of the components of biological diversity and 3. The fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources.
CBD’s and CBO’s ‘Cities and Biodiversity Outlook 2012’ entitled ‘A Global Assessment of the Links between Action and Policy Urbanization, Biodiversity, and Ecosystem Services’ held in Montreal highlights a wide range of successful initiatives by cities, local authorities and sub-national governments in both developed and developing countries. It demonstrates that there are strong incentives for cities, local governments, the business sector and other interested parties, to invest in natural solutions and to maintain vital ecosystem services. Within the 2012 CBO there are Ten Key Messages distilled.
To give a preview of three Key Messages:
– Urbanization is [also an] opportunity to manage ecosystem services globally.
– Rich biodiversity can exist in cities.
– Maintaining functioning urban ecosystems can significantly enhance human health and well-being.